Grameds, for those of you who are plant lovers, you must be familiar with this term. Cuttings are one way of propagating plants. Apart from that, cuttings are arguably one of the easiest ways to do if you want to propagate plants. This cuttings method has several advantages over plants grown from seeds.
In fact, this cuttings method can be said to be an easy and cheap method to do. The tools and materials are also very simple and easy to find around our house. Cuttings can be a fun way to propagate plants.
To find out more about cuttings, grameds can listen to the article below.
Definition of Cuttings
Cuttings is a method of propagating plants by using pieces or parts of the plant’s body itself. Parts of the plant body can be roots, stems and leaves. Every part of the body of the plant has a totipotent property in which one cell can divide into other cells, so that streptocarpus can be grown from leaf pieces, root and stem cells can be formed as well.
How to breed this plant is done especially for plants that are difficult to reproduce using seeds. In addition, vegetative development is also useful for forming superior plant clones.
Types of Cuttings
As explained above, there are many vegetative parts of plants that can be used for cuttings. The following are the most common types used for cuttings:
Stem cuttings are cuttings that are taken and rooted at almost any time during the active growth period of the parent plant. Stem cuttings are done with a piece of stem that is buried in the soil, including at least one leaf node. The cuttings are then able to produce new roots.
The stem cuttings method is usually done to reproduce ornamental plants, but there are also garden plants that can be propagated using the cuttings method. Common plants for cuttings are roses, chrysanthemums, dahlias, mint, and many more.
Root cuttings are cuttings where the root is planted just below the soil surface and will produce new shoots. Some plants can be propagated from the roots. Root cuttings of woody plants are usually taken from plants during the dormant season when carbohydrate levels are high.
Root cuttings in some species will produce new shoots which then form their own root system, while root cuttings in other plants develop a root system before producing new shoots.
Usually, root cuttings are done on plants such as raspberries, blackberries, roses, trumpet vines and many more.
Leaf cuttings are cuttings where the leaves are placed in moist soil. This method should develop new stems as well as new roots. Multiple leaves will produce a single plant at the base of the leaf
The leaf cuttings method is generally used on succulents. Leaf cuttings do not include axillary buds, cuttings can only be used for plants capable of forming adventitious shoots.
Plants with large leaves, especially indoor potted plants, often use this method of leaf cuttings. Examples of plants that can use this cuttings method are cocor duck, succulents, aloe vera, and mother-in-law’s tongue.
How to Do Cuttings
To do the cuttings, the following are the usual steps for the cuttings method:
The following is how to do stem cuttings that you need to know.
- Choose the stem that looks the healthiest with the other stems. How good, stems that have no buds.
- Then, take stem cuttings with a length of approximately 3 to 6 inches or as needed.
- Place the stem in healthy seedling compost, then place it in the designated pot.
- Place non-rooted plants in the sun.
- Check the development of stems that have been cut regularly.
Here’s how to do root cuttings:
- Take small roots of approximately 1 cm, usually taken from larger roots
- The roots are taken then cut about 10 cm. keep in mind to pay attention to the position of the top and bottom roots so that during the process of planting the plant is not reversed.
- The cut roots are then cleaned
- Soak the roots using ZPT
- The root pieces were then planted in a pot containing soil media, then watered and then the pot was covered with transparent plastic using bamboo and raffia rope.
There are 3 types of leaf cuttings that you can use, here is an explanation of leaf cuttings
Leaf Top Cuttings
This method is used when there is a shortage of material for propagation, as these cuttings can produce one and possibly two plants from each node. Typically, this method is widely used on raspberry, lemon, blackberry, camellia, boysenberry, rhododendron and rubber trees.
Here’s how to do leaf shoot cuttings:
- Choose plants with healthy growing buds.
- Cut the stem into several pieces so that you can get short stems and good bud leaves.
- After that, dip the base of the cutting into the rooting powder.
- Then, plant the cuttings and place them on the surface of the pot.
- Put it in a place that has a warm temperature.
Leaf Stalk Cuttings
If the stems in some plants are too short to use as cuttings you can use their fleshy leaves for propagation. Several ornamental plants can be grown this way.
Here’s how to do leaf stalk cuttings:
- Choose healthy leaves
- Cut the leaves with petioles approximately 2.5 cm
- Place the leaf in the potting mix with a little miting, this is so the base of the leaf clears off the surface
- Firm the mixture gently around the cuts
- Apply labels and water with a dilute fungicide solution
- Place in a warm place. The plants will be more susceptible to disease so don’t put them in a mist unit
- Keep the planting medium moist.
Stemless Leaf Cuttings
This method can be used for large leafy plants with large veins such as mother-in-law or aloe vera.
Here’s how to do stemless cuttings
- Take a healthy leaf and cut the leaf into several pieces, each with a major vein
- Then keep the sections in order so you know which is the top of the cutting and which is the bottom. You need to know that they won’t grow if you pick them up the wrong way.
- Plant the bottom end of each section about 10mm in the planting medium
- Place in a humid and warm environment
- Roots will then develop at the base of the cutting and then a bud will form.
Advantages of Cuttings
There are several advantages that you can experience if you use the method of propagating plants by cuttings. The following are some of the advantages of cutting on plants.
- The resulting plant will have a character that is arguably the same as its parent.
- Cuttings will mature faster.
- Has a value that is more economical and more practical.
- Does not damage the parent plant cuttings
Loss of Cuttings
Not only advantages but there are some disadvantages that you also feel when choosing cuttings as a method of plant propagation. The following are the disadvantages or disadvantages of cuttings from plant cutting:
- Cuttings often lack a taproot, so they are more likely to topple or fall.
- Plants will dry out more easily if they have entered a long dry season.
Examples of Plants that Can Be Cuttings
The following are examples of plants that can be cut easily:
You must have often seen this plant as a spice or seasoning or even a decoration in food. Rosemary has a nice fragrance and delicious taste. Rosemary can be grown in two ways, namely with seeds and also stem cuttings, of course it will be easier to grow through cuttings than seeds.
each with a spice category, next up is thyme. Thyme is a plant that can be cut easily. This thyme plant is usually used as a food flavoring but can also be used as a tea or wound medicine. You can grow thyme at home easily using the stem cuttings method.
This plant can grow in any media, both semi-arid, light to well-drained media. Thyme can also grow in warm temperatures.
3. Cocor Duck
Cocor Duck or Suru Duck is a succulent plant originating from Madagascar which is easy to grow and is found in Indonesia. This plant is unique because of its unique method of reproduction, namely through the leaves that produce new shoots.
You can do this plant using the leaf cuttings method by cutting the leaves of Cocor Bebek and then storing them on the ground. Then the shoots will grow by themselves.
The next plant that can be cut is turmeric. This plant has often been used as a cooking spice in many Indonesian specialties. Turmeric is a plant that will give a beautiful yellow color to dishes and delicious taste. Turmeric can grow well in soil media that is slightly moist and tends to dry.
5. Trumpet Flower
Next is a flower that has a long shape and its petals open wide. Then the trumpet flowers face down as if they are about to fall. Trumpet flowers have a variety of colors that will make people fall in love with this plant.
You can cut a branch or twig of a trumpet flower and then soak it in water until potential roots appear, then wait up to 4 weeks, then the trumpet flower pieces are ready to be transferred to the soil medium.
6. Tomato Plant
Next is the tomato plant which is suitable for this method of cutting goods because this plant has fast growth. This plant collapses easily when blown by strong winds or heavy rain, so stem cuttings will add to the burden on the tomato tree.
7. Chili Plants
Chili plants can be useful if you grow them yourself at home. This plant is very suitable for propagation using the stem cuttings method. The stem cutting method is much more effective than the seed planting method.
8. Litchi Plant
Many people think that cultivating longan plants using cuttings is a difficult thing to do. Because this tree has cambium which is thin and dries easily. In fact, if you take good care of it, this plant can grow well. Longan plant stem cuttings are still rarely done in Indonesia, maybe Grameds is interested in doing it?
9. Cassava Plant
Cassava plants are famous for producing carbohydrates and can be used as a substitute for rice. This plant is widely used and taken as part of the tubers in the roots and leaves. The root of the plant can be made into a delicacy and the leaves are often used as a vegetable preparation.
This plant can be cut and can grow well and have many tubers later.
From the discussion above, it can be said that cuttings are a method of growing plants that is often used by many people. This is not without reason because it has economic value that is cheaper and more practical. Therefore, by using this cuttings method, you can reproduce the same plant as the parent.
Well, in Grameds, he explains the meaning of cuttings along with an explanation of the types of ways to do it and examples of plants that you can do cuttings. Hopefully all of the discussion above is useful as well as makes it easier for you to do plant cuttings.
If you want to read about cuttings or other planting methods or other books, you can read and buy the book at Gramedia.com .
To support Grameds in adding insight, Gramedia always provides quality and original books so that Grameds has #MoreWithReading information.
Author: Christin Devina
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