Abdominal Pain Causes, Signs and Diagnosis

The abdomen is an anatomical area that is bounded by the reduced margin of the ribs and also diaphragm above, the pelvic bone (pubic ramus) listed below, and also the flanks on each side.

Although stomach pain can occur from the cells of the stomach wall surface that surround the abdominal dental caries (such as the skin and also stomach wall muscular tissues), the term stomach discomfort usually is used to explain pain originating from body organs within the abdominal tooth cavity.

Body organs of the abdomen consist of the belly, little intestine, colon, liver, gallbladder, spleen, as well as pancreas. Stomach discomfort can range in strength from a moderate tummy pains to severe acute pain. The pain is commonly nonspecific and could be triggered by a variety of conditions.

What Causes Abdominal Pain?


Abdominal discomfort is caused by inflammation (as an example, appendicitis, diverticulitis, colitis), by extending or distention of an organ (as an example, obstruction of the intestine, clog of a bile air duct by gallstones, swelling of the liver with liver disease), or by loss of the supply of blood to a body organ (for example, ischemic colitis).

To make complex issues, nevertheless, stomach discomfort additionally can occur for uncertain factors without inflammation, distention, or loss of blood supply. An important example of this latter type of pain is the short-tempered digestive tract syndrome (IBS). These last sorts of pain are often described as functional pain since no recognizable (visible) triggers for the pain have actually been found.

How is the Cause of Abdominal Pain Diagnosed?

Doctors figure out the cause of abdominal discomfort by counting on:

  • Features of the discomfort
  • Physical examination
  • Tests and also examinations
  • Surgery and endoscopy

Diagnosis – Characteristics of the Pain

Details acquired by taking a person’s history is necessary in aiding medical professionals identify the cause of discomfort. This includes the method the pain starts, its location, pattern, and duration. It also includes what makes the pain worse in addition to what soothes it. Associated symptoms and signs, such as fever, looseness of the bowels, or blood loss likewise are considered.

Characteristics of the Pain – The Way the Pain Begins

When does the discomfort occur? Always? Regularly in the morning or during the night? If the discomfort comes and goes, regarding the length of time does it last each time? Does it happen after eating particular kinds of foods or after consuming alcohol? During menstrual cycle?

These are normal inquiries your medical professional might ask that may help identify the cause. As an example, stomach pain that comes on suddenly may recommend a sudden event such as the disturbance of the supply of blood to the colon (ischemia) or blockage of the bile air duct by a gallstone (biliary colic). Next Articel dinner recipes

Characteristics of the Pain – Location

Your physician may ask: Is the discomfort throughout your abdomen or is it constrained to a specific location? Where in your abdomen does the discomfort appear to be found?

The place of the discomfort could help detect particular reasons such as appendicitis, which typically triggers pain in the center of the abdomen, which then relocates to the right reduced abdominal areas, the typical location of the appendix.

Diverticulitis commonly causes pain in the left lower abdominal areas where most colonic diverticula lie. Pain from the gallbladder (biliary colic or cholecystitis) usually is felt in the center, upper abdomen, or the right top abdominal area near where the gallbladder is located.

Characteristics of the Pain – Pattern

What sort of discomfort are you experiencing? Is it stabbing as well as serious? Is it a boring ache? Does the discomfort additionally radiate into your lower back, shoulder, groin, or buttocks?

Patterns of discomfort can be helpful in diagnosis of stomach pain. An obstruction of the intestinal tract, for example, originally creates waves of crampy abdominal pain because of tightenings of the intestinal tract muscular tissues and also distention of the intestinal tract.

Real cramp-like discomfort suggests vigorous contractions of the intestines. Blockage of the bile ducts by gallstones typically causes stable (continuous) top stomach discomfort. Acute pancreatitis generally creates extreme, ruthless, constant pain in the top abdomen as well as upper back.

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